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Friday, September 30, 2022
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Australia is the only country in the world to occupy a single continent; it is similar in size to the USA (excluding Alaska). The continent is a land of contrasts, containing many different climates and unique flora and fauna. Australia enjoys an international reputation for being safe and friendly, and English is the spoken language.

Australia is situated South of Asia, and is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, the Tasman Sea, the Coral Sea and the Arafura Sea. The nearest countries are Papua New Guinea and New Zealand.


  • Electricity is available at 240 volts AC, 50 Hz. 3-pin plugs are used, however sockets are different from those found in most countries and an adaptor socket may be needed. 110v outlets are found in most hotels.
  • There are three main timezones in Australia - EST (Eastern Standard Time, e.g. NSW, Queensland, Victoria, ACT and Tasmania) - GMT +10h, CST (Central Standard Time, e.g. Northern Territory and South Australia) - GMT + 9.5h - and ..... ( ... Western Australia) - GMT + 8h. Daylight saving of 1 hour applies (in some states) during the summer months.
  • Trading currency is the Australian dollar. Currency Converter. Australia's currency consists of coins of 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent and one and two dollar denomination; and notes of 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dollar denomination. The notes are of plastic (polymer) - Australia was the first to have a complete system of bank notes of this type. The innovative technology by which these notes are produced was developed entirely in Australia, and provides greater security against counterfeiting. The notes are also cleaner and recyclable. For more information Reserve Bank of Australia
  • The fiscal year is from July 1 to June 30.
  • The capital of Australia is Canberra, ACT (Australian Capital Territory).
  • Lowest point: Lake Eyre 15 m below sea level. Highest point: Mount Kosciusko 2,229 m
  • Natural resources: bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum
  • The main exports are coal, gold, meat, wool, alumina, iron ore, wheat, machinery and transport equipment.
  • Australia uses the metric system of weights and measures.
  • Vehicles are driven on the left hand side of the road.
  • Australia Day - 26 January (1788)

  • -  For useful Australian links, visit our Links page.

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